CHINA 1994








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We all must have heard and some of us visited either Disneyland Paris or their theme parks at the states. I know I have both the Orlando theme parks as well as their Paris one with my daughter. Yes I had a great time and I enjoyed all the visits BUT it was all too American and commercial.


We are Europeans and all of our countries have a long history full of myths, legends, culture, and stories. We have a mythology which goes back thousand of years and this is our heritage, which is being lost slowly.


In the past I have heard of a plan, I do not know how true or false it is the information as there was no way to cross reference it so I will mention it with reservation. The plan was to build the ‘’Euroland theme park’’ based on the European legends and myths.


If such plan existed credit should go to the one(s) who thought about it because he really had a great idea with which he could preserve the myths and our culture. If not let make a start here and now and make a movement to support this idea and try to put it forward were it might found more supporters until we reach the people that are able to make the decisions and create it.


One warning goes out to anyone that may try or want to try to put all this under any political banner. Do not even think about it because our heritage and culture does not have any colour and it belongs to everyone irrespective of his/hers political views. Help is welcome by everybody that wishes to assist.


Our first step will be an attempt to make a ‘’list’’ of myths and legends for each European country with links to web pages that give much more detailed information for each and relevant bibliography. Feel free to email your comments until a forum is established for the exchange of ideas and suggesting forms that we can pass the idea to more people and ways to put it forward to the ‘’power points’’. 


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Welsh Mythology

Known Welsh mythology consists of ancient celtic tales originating before Roman times and embellished through the story-telling tradition over many centuries.

They first appeared in written form in the 13th and 14th centuries, recorded by the medieval monks in documents such as The White Book of Rhydderch and Red Book of Hergest.

It was not until the 19th century that Lady Charlotte Guest first published an English translation of these marvelous myths and legends.

There are eleven stories in Welsh mythology, the oldest four of which are called the proper Mabinogion (plural of Mabinogi) and recount stories of ancient Briton kings and queens and their encounters with the Otherworld and its inhabitants.

The second four are shorter tales, two of which feature Arthur in his earliest incarnations. The final three are later Arthurian stories strongly influenced by French romance and the chivalric tradition.

Links with further information about the Welsh myths and legennds.   


Irish Mythology

Irish mythology comes to us through the great Irish myths and legends that were passed down by the druidic oral tradition until about the 7th century, when the Irish monks began recording them - a process which continued for centuries.

Due to the fact that Ireland was literate so early (as compared to Wales, for example), there are many surviving stories of Irish mythology. These tales are grouped into four chronologically based "cycles":

The Mythological Cycle - The oldest stories, these detail the conquest and settlement of Ireland by six distinct peoples (or races of gods) from earliest times until the arrival of the Celts (the Irish).

The Ulster Cycle - Popular and exciting, these stories of Ireland's early days include the exploits of Cuchulainn and his fellow warriors and the Tain (the Cattle Raid of Cooley), perhaps the most famous of all Irish tales.

The Fenian Cycle - Dated to just before the arrival of Christianity, the Fianna warriors, led by Finn mac Cumhal, roam Ireland and perform prodigious feats. Great stories.

The Historical Cycle - Variety of stories about the Irish kings from the 3rd century BC up to Brian Boru around 1000 AD. Lots of Christian folklore. (Some say the stories have been "Christianized," but the fact is Ireland was Christian then, so wouldn't you expect that to be reflected in the literature?)

Links for site with more detailed information about the Irish mythology and history.


Norse Mythology

The Germanic and Scandinavian peoples are branches of the same root and their mythology has much in common. We can't overestimate the influence of Norse mythology and religion in ancient Britain, both in terms of the early Anglo-Saxon and Danish settlements, and the centuries-long occupation by the Vikings of much of Ireland and Scotland. British heritage is an intimate intertwining of Scandinavian and Celtic roots.

The two primary written sources for Norse mythology are the Prose (Younger) Edda and the Poetic (Elder) Edda, written in Iceland in the 13th century. The word Edda means "grandmother." Makes you wonder who told and passed on the oral traditions?

We are highly indebted to the Icelanders for their perservation of the ancient Norse myths and legends. They were an invaluable repository for Viking culture, just as the Irish monks functioned as a repository for Celtic culture.

Interesting links giving information for the Norse mythology and its legends.


Celtic Mythology

Hereunder some websites that specialise in celtic mythology that can provide usefull information to researchers or just general knowledge.



German mythology


Hellenic (Greek) mythology


Roman mythology


A website with a large contents about Roman mythology is listed hereunder for all who are interested to find more about the subject.

Slavic mythology


Baltic / Slavic Gods

BELOBOG: God of the Living
The Black God of Death, opposite of what Belobog is.  DABOG(VID,DABA,HROMI,(LAME) DABA): An South- Slavic Sungod, son of the God Svarog, God of Shepherds and precious metals. He was worshiped in Ukraine, Russia and Poland. In Kiev, statues could be found and in the Igor- song, the Russians were metioned as his grandchilderen. With the arrival of Christianity, he was equated with Satan. In Poland he is worshiped as Dazbog.
One of the many sungods in Russia and in East- Slavic myths. Mentioned by the Primary Chronicle as one of the Gods who were official worshiped in Kievan, Russia during the years 900. Khors is an direct diversion of the Sungod Khuran worshiped by Scythians and Sarmatians.
Slavic God of Death.
Stormgod who was worshiped in the pre- christian Slavic pantheon of Gods by the East Slaves, especially by the Russians. Diverted of the Latvian Perkuns and the Lithuanian Perkunas. Peroen is also identified with the Scandinavian God Thor by the Scandinavian Varangians who settled in Russia and with Zeus by Russian scholars who were familiar with Greek mythology. Eventually Peroens origin can be traced back to the Vedic Thundergod Parjànya.
Slavic Goddess of Beverage and changed fortunes. 
RUGIVIET/RUGIVIT: Slavic Wargod, whose cult centre laidon the island of Rugen in the Baltic Sea. His name means Lord on Rugen and is usually depicted as a God with sevan heads who holds up a sword.
Slavic who was official worshiped by the Russians during the lasts years of the tenth century. From all of the important Slavic Gods, he can be fage definied. The origin of his name could be Slavic(srei-colour) or from Iran(srira: beautiful). Stribogs Function is unclear. Even he is a Wind- and/or Weathergod, example: the 12th century Russian Epos: Slovo o polku Igoreve, the lay of Igor's host referes the winds as Stribogs grandchildren.
Goddesses of Destiny/Fate
A Slavic War- and Vegetation god who was worshiped on the island of Rugen. He is the boss of the inhabitants and the protector of their fields. Each spring there was an harvest festival organized in his honor. He is depicted as a God with four heads and bodies. His attributes were corunucopy and a white horse.
SVAROG(SVAROZIC,SVAROZITS): Slavic Sun- and Firegod. Originally, the Supreme God of the Slavic Pantheon of Gods. He is the divine blackmsith, patron deity of blacksmiths and the hearth. He was associated with the Hellenic God Hephaestus. There was also thaught that he instituted marriage with Mankind. Later he was demoted to a kind of firedemon.                                 

 SVETOVID(SVANTOVIT,SVANTEVIT): He is the Supreme deity of the Slavic Pantheon of Gods. He is the God of War, Fate and Fertility.
Slavic Goddess of Spring.


Roman Gods

The Roman people had many Gods. You can put them in different groups gelijk the Numen, Olympian Gods and Imported Gods.The Roman had taken over many Gods from the Ertuscans, Greeks, Egytpians, Mesopotamians, Germanes and Keltes among others. We start with the Olympian Gods.

Coelus: God of the Sky and ruler of the Titans. A other name is Uranus
Terra (Tellus): Goddess of the Earth and mother of all things.
Saturn: God of the Agriculture and father of the Olympian Gods with the Goddes Ops.
Ops: Mothergoddess, wife of the God Saturnus(Saturn). Goddess of the Harvest.
Jupiter(Jove): King of the Gods. God of Thunder and defender of the State.
Juno: Goddess of Marriage, wife of the God Jupiter.
Mars: God of Agriculture and War.
Vesta: Goddess of the Hearth, home and the sacrificial fire.
Ceres: Goddess of the Crops.
Minerva: Goddess of Trade, War(strategic) and Warrior.
Neptune: God of the Seas, Horses and Earthquakes.
Dis Pater(Orcus,Pluto): God of the Underworld
God  of the Messsages and Trade.
: Goddess of Sexual love.
: God of Love, sexual attraction and son of the Goddess Venus.
: God of Fire, Warmth and Vulcanic Eruptions.
: God of Wine.
: Goddess of the Hunt, woudlands.
: God of the Light, Prophecy, Truth and Medecations.
: Goddess of Spring and the Underworld, wife of Dis Pater(Orcus/Pluto)
: God of the Medecines and Medecations.

The Numen are a group of mysterious Gods who had in the beginning no form or shape. Yet, the Romans knew about their existence withouth their anthropocentric look.This list below are the most important Numen.
Bellona: Goddess of War and wife/sister of the Wargod Mars.
Bona Dea:'Good Goddess' identified with another Goddess called Fauna. To her cult beloing only women.
Cloacina: Godin who watches over the construction and the preservation of sewers.
Consus: God of Fertility
Discordia: Goddess of Strife and Discord.
Faunus: God of Fields and Shephards.
Felicitas:Goddess of Good Luck.
Fides: Goddess of honesty.
Flora: Goddess of 'all that flourishes.'
Fortuna: Goddess of Chances, identified with the Greek Goddess Tyche.
Furien: roman counterparts of the Greek Erinyes.
Glaucus: God of the Sea.
Janus: God of Gates, Doorways and Time. He was married to the Goddess Jana.
Lares: Spirits of the dead ancestors who protect the family.
Liber: God of Fertility, identified with the God Bacchus.
Libitina: Goddess who watches over funerals.
Manes: Spirits of the dead.
Pales:Goddes who watches over pastures.
: Spirits who watches over the welfare of the family.
: Goddess of the fruit and fertility.
God of the Harbors
: God of the Fertility.
: God of War.
: God of Forrest and Nature.
: God of Bounderies.
: Godess of Victory.

The foreign Gods are here because of the expansion of the Roman Empire, who went fare beyond the bounderies of Italy. They came in contact with other philosophic ideas and religions. They had taken over the Gods of Hlellas(modern Greece) and those of other cultures and gave them an identity.
Attis: a male partner of the Mothergoddess Cybele. He is mortal but plays an important part in the cult of the Goddess Cybele.
: Great Mothergoddess, original from Phrygia.
: Egyptian Goddess who's cult became popular in the Roman Empire.
: Persian God of Soldiers, the army and know as the Lord of Light by his followers.
: God of Medecine, associated with the cult of the Goddess Isis. his cult had Greek and Egyptian elements.
l Invictus:
Eastern God of the Sun, who's name means: Unconqered Sun. His cul was braught to Rome by Emperor Elagabalus.

Greek Gods

The ancient Greeks had a huge pantheon of gods. That is why they are ordered in fiver groups.;The Olympian Gods, The Titans, Chthonic Gods and the Lesser Gods.  The profiles of each God and Goddess can be found under the group to which they belong.


The most important of those five  groups are the Olympian Gods which are Zeus and Hera the King and Queen of the Gods and ruler of the Olympic pantheon of Gods. There are 12 members:

Zeus: King of the Gods, God of Thunder and Lightening.
Hera: Queen of the Gods, Gardiendiety of marriage and oaths, married to the God Zeus.
Poseidon: God of the Seas and Earthquakes.
Hermes: God of the Merchants, Travelers and Thieves.
Demeter: Goddess of the harvest and the Earth.
Hestia: Goddess of the fire of the hearth.
Hephaestus: God of the Blacksmith.
Ares: God of War.
Aphrodite: Goddess of the Beauty, Love and Sexuality.
Apollo: God of the Music, Dance, Prophecy, Archery, the Sun. Essay written by Publius Dionysius Mus (Dennis Temmerman), focusing on the Roman and Hellenic Apollo.
Athena: Goddess of Wisdom, industry, Weave, Warfare and Justice.
Artemis: Goddess of the Hunt, wilderness, wild animals and fertility.


Than you had the second group of Gods who were sometimes called by the Elder Gods who go by the name of The Titans. They represent the Forces of Nature or they symbolize them.There is little information about most of The Titans except of those who were friends of the Olympian Gods like Oceanus and his wife Thetys. Maybe it was done on purpose to destroy the cult of The Titans. Like with the Olympian Gods there were also only 12 members.


Oceanus: Titan of the Sea, Married with the Goddess Thethys.
Oeranus: Titan of the Heaven, married with the Goddess Gaia.
Gaia: Goddess of the Earth.
Crius: Titan, married with the Goddess Eurybia and father of Perses, Pallas and Astraios.
Coeus: Titan, married with Phoebe and father of Leto and Asteria.
Japetus: Titan, married met Clymene and father of Atlas, Menoetius, Prometheus and Epimethus.
Themis: Goddess of Divine Justice and Naturelaw.
Hyperion: Titan of the Sun, married with Theia and father of Helios, Selene and Eos
Mnemosyne: Goddess of Memory and mother of the Muzes
Cronus(Kronos): Titan of the Time, and father of the Zeus, Hera, Poseidon, Demeter, Hestia and Hades
Rhea: Mothergoddess, one of the Titans and mother of the Olympian Gods by Cronus
Phoebe: one of The Titans and mother of Leto and Asteria


The Chthonic Gods are the Gods of the Underworld and the Earth . The most famous and most feared of them are Hades, Hecate and Demeter as Thanatos. There are others but not so much famous and they aren't with so many.


Erinyen: Goddess/Demons of Revenge.
Hades: God of the Underworld and Ruler over the dead.
Hecate(Hekate): Goddess of Witchcraft and Magic.
Persephone: Goddess of the Underworld.
Thanatos: God of Death.
Demeter: Goddess of the Harvest.
: God of Wine, Fun and Drunkenness.


The Lesser Gods have more members than the ones above. They were sometimes called Free Spirits because of their connection with nature. The Oceanids(daughters of Oceanus en Thethys) were with threedousand and the Nereids with more than fifty members. The most important are listed below:


Hesperos: God of the Eveningstar.
Eosforos: God of the Morningstar.
Zefyros: God of the Western wind.
Notos: God of the Southern wind.
Euros: God of the Eastern Wind.
Boreas: God of the Northern wind.
Amphitrite: Seagoddess, married with Poseidon and one of the Nereids: sea nymphs.
Asklepios(Asclepius): God of Medicine and Medication, son of Apollo and Coronis
Dike: Goddess of justice, daughter of Themis and Zeus.
Eileithyea(Eileithyia): Goddess of Birth and daughter of Zeus and Hera.
Eirene: Goddess Peace and daughter of the God Zeus.
Eos: Goddess of Dawn, daughter of the Titans Hyperion and Theia.
Erebus: God and personification of the Darkness.
Eris: Goddess of Strife and Discord, and sister of Ares.
Fates(Moirai in Greek and Parcae in Latin): Goddess of Fate/Destiny. Their names are: Clotho, Lachesis and Atropos.
Gratiae: trio of Goddess who are associated with the  Goddess Aphrodite.
Hebe: Goddess of the Eternal Youth.
Himeros: God of Sexual Desire, travel with the Goddess Aphrodite.
Horae: Goddes of the Seasons. Their names are: Eunomia, Dike and Eirene.
Hygeia: Goddess of Health.
Hypnos: God of the Sleep.
Iris: Goddess of the Rainbow, Messenger of the Goddess Hera.
Morpheus: God of Dreams.
Muzes: nine Goddess of Arts, Music and Dance.
Nemesis: Goddess of Revenge.
Nereus: God of the Sea and father of the Nereids.
Nike: Goddess of Victory.
Nyx: Goddess of the Night.
Pan: God of the Forrest, Woods and the Countryside.
Peitho: Goddess of Persuasive companies the Goddess Aphrodite.
Triton: Watergod, son of Poseidon and Amphitrite.
Tyche: Goddess of Fortune..